Opened in 2020, Slovenia’s Islamic Religious and Cultural Centre is a modern white cuboid near the centre of Ljubljana. The steel building hosts the country’s only mosque, as well as a kindergarten, school, library, events centre, restaurant and garden, underground car park, and a sports hall.
With a single minaret that rises to the same height as the building, as well as a light blue cupola built inside rather than outside the rectangular structure, the Religious and Cultural Centre is a fresh take on Islamic architecture. The cupola itself is made from transparent blue fabric, representing both the sky and the Kiswah, the cloth that covers the Ka’bah in Mecca, say architects Bevk Perović Arhitekti.
The designers also drew inspiration from Ljubljana’s 1960s Modernist regionalism, Slovenia’s classic architect Jože Plečnik, and Iran’s portable tent-mosques — as well small Bosnian settlements centred around mosques.
Indeed, Ljubljana’s Muslim community grew following Bosnian migration to Slovenia after the Second World War, and continued following the break-up of Yugoslavia and Slovenia’s accession to the EU. While Slovenia previously had another mosque in the country’s north, that building is no longer functional, and practising Muslims had been forced to use gyms for collective worship.
Built between 2015 and 2020 thanks to donations from Slovenia’s Muslim community and the state of Qatar, the building is one of the few public works to be built in Ljubljana over the past decade. The centre was also named ArchDaily’s Religious Building of the Year 2021.
Modern POS (MPOS) architecture
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This article describes the POS topology.
Modern POS topology
Users of Modern Point of Sale (POS) can perform various tasks on supported laptops, tablets, and phones. These tasks include processing sales transactions, viewing customer orders, managing daily operations and inventory, and viewing role-based reports. Both MPOS and Cloud POS are available in Microsoft Dynamics 365 Commerce. The Cloud POS is a hosted version of the POS app. Both the POS clients don’t perform business functions or data processing. All business functions are provided by Commerce Scale Unit. Modern POS and Cloud POS clients can communicate with Commerce Scale Units. Modern POS client can also communicate with peripheral devices, such as cash drawers, credit card readers, and printers, by using Hardware Station. Hardware Station must be deployed in your store, and all Modern POS clients can connect to the same Hardware Station. The following diagram shows the high-level topology.
Modern POS architecture
The view, view-controller, and devices layers depend on the operating system (for example, Windows RT) that you plan to deploy Modern POS on. The other layers are independent of the operating system. These layers use TypeScript classes and modules to implement Modern POS functionality such as workflows and entities. The following diagram shows the Modern POS technical architecture.
Cloud POS and Modern POS architecture
Cloud POS is a hosted version of Modern POS, and varies only in the way that it is rendered on specific devices or in specific browsers. Additionally, Modern POS supports offline mode and therefore a local CRT. Other native peripheral support is also specific to Modern POS.
The Bauhaus is a legend of arts education. Originally founded in Weimar, Germany, in 1919, the school served as the training ground for numerous arts and creative professionals both within Germany and internationally, until being closed by the National Socialists in 1933. The school hosted many of the top creative professionals of its day, including Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Wassily Kandinsky, Walter Gropius, Marcel Breuer, Oskar Schlemmer, and many others. The Bauhaus was very prolific in its output, building several buildings including its own complex in Dessau, the Dessau-Törten Housing Estate, and the School of the German General Trades Union in Bernau, photos of which you can see above. The school was extremely influential, spawning the “Bauhaus Style,” which became another name for German Modernism. For more information on movements that the Bauhaus influenced, see my pages on German Modernist Architecture, German Modernist interiors, the Pressa Exhibition, Weissenhof Housing Estate, German Expressionist architecture, Czech and Slovak functionalism, Functionalism in Brno, and others.
90’s Traditional Ranch House with Modern Concept
Recently The Ranch Mine has completed a residential project in Paradise Valley, Arizona. Occupying an area of 1549m2, this building adopts the ranch housing style that was popular in the 90s. The details of the farm are also presented through the tall grass planted in the yard.
“We believe in togetherness and love to spend time eating bread with our friends and family. We expect this house to have lots of light, open space, and a connection to the outdoors,” the client briefed The Ranch Mine.
However, the characteristics of a ranch house aren’t necessarily companies by traditional interior designs, but the concept of a house dubbed the Hive House is a combination of modern life with historic architecture. Visually, this one-story residence is characterized by a low profile, linear, asymmetrical courtyard plan, bedrooms, vaulted living area, mixed exterior materials, and large glass doors leading to an outdoor terrace.
Furthermore, The Ranch Mine used the unique shape and privacy of this house to create a site that extends into the landscape. The building stretches to direct residents and guests into the courtyard plan of the central communal area. Meanwhile, the main building has a low triangular roof. The tapered volume at the Hive House is used to signify the entrance and the main living area is flanked by a flat roof to maintain a low linear profile to meet the area’s strict zoning height restrictions.
When entering the pointed living room, residents and guests will be greeted by a view of the backyard. Then, they’ll find a poured concrete fireplace in the communal area with glass-door access that leads to a covered patio, pool, hot tub, and sunken fire pit outside. While on one side of the living room is a kitchen home office that has cross ventilation with sufficient sun exposure.
On the other side, the bedroom is located separately from the rest of the room. This room has a workspace, service room, and a mudroom with a place to bathe the dog. This was done to give reinforcement to the traditional farmhouse design that separates the bedrooms a little further. Then, to separate the main house and the entertainment house, The Ranch Mine uses a garage that can be accessed directly from outside the house